PulsE is a quarterly eBulletin that provides information about newly published systematic reviews of public health and health services interventions. The reviews are drawn from a range of open access sources and are selected for inclusion in the eBulletin because of their relevance to local health policy priorities. More information about the development of PulsE is available here.
Several world health organisation reports over recent years have highlighted the high incidence of chronic diseases. The aim of this review was to systematically collate, evaluate and synthesize review-level findings on the effectiveness of interventions to change unhealthy behaviours or promote healthy behaviours (…)
Jepson R G, Harris F M, PlattS, Tannahill C. The effectiveness of interventions to change six health behaviours: a review of reviews. BMC Public Health 2010,10:538
Although influenza vaccination is promoted by many health authorities, there is uncertainty about the effectiveness of interventions to increase influenza vaccination rates in those people 60 years or older in the general population (…)
Thomas RE, Russell M, Lorenzetti D. Interventions to increase influenza vaccination rates of those 60 years and older in the community. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 9.
Health care workers influenza rates, although currently unknown, may be similar to the general population’s and may contribute to transmission of influenza among patients. The objective of the review was to identify studies of vaccinating health care workers and its effect on the incidence of influenza its complications and influenza-like illness (ILI) in individuals in long term care facilities who are aged 60 years and older (…)
Thomas RE, Jefferson T, Lasserson TJ. Influenza vaccination for healthcare workers who work with the elderly. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 2.
There is current thought that given the public health challenges of sexual health promotion, there is potential for health promotion to be delivered via technology-based mediums. The objective of the review was to determine the effects of interactive computer-based interventions for sexual health promotion, considering cognitive, behavioural, biological and economic outcomes (…)
Bailey JV, Murray E, Rait G, Mercer CH, Morris RW, Peacock R, Cassell J, Nazareth I. Interactive computer-based interventions for sexual health promotion. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 9.
Approximately 30% or people over 65 years of age living in the community fall each year. Although it may not be possible to prevent falls completely, it is possible that interventions can be implemented to enable people to fall less often. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of interventions to reduce the incidence of falls in older people living in the community (…)
Gillespie LD, Robertson MC, Gillespie WJ, Lamb SE, Gates S, Cumming RG, Rowe BH. Interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009, Issue 2. Comment added to review, published in Issue 10, 2010
Reduction of diabetes risk in routine clinical practice: Are Physical Activity and Nutrition Interventions feasible and are the outcomes from reference trials replicable? A Systematic Review and meta-analysis
Although the clinical effectiveness of lifestyle interventions in preventing or delaying the onset of diabetes has been demonstrated from previous studies, the challenge is to translate them into routine clinical settings. The objective of this review was to determine whether lifestyle interventions delivered to high-risk adult patients in routine clinical care settings are feasible and effective in achieving reductions in risk factors for diabetes (…) T
Cardona-Morrell M, Rychetnik L , Morrell S L, Espinel P T, Bauman A. Reduction of diabetes risk in routine clinical practice: Are Physical Activity and Nutrition Interventions feasible and are the outcomes from reference trials replicable? A Systematic Review and meta-analysis BMC Public Health 2010, 10:653